1822: Burckhardt on Syria
Travels in Syria and the Holy Land.
London John Murray 1822
First edition pp.[2, title], xxiii, [3, errata, contents, & plate list], 668, frontis. portrait of Burckhardt after a sketch by Henry Salt, 6 engraved maps & plans, 2 folding, numerous text illustrations. Without half-title. Contemporary marbled boards, later calf spine and corners to style. Corners bumped. Scattered light foxing, but overall a very good clean copy.
Atabey 166; Blackmer 237; Hamilton 57
Johann Ludwig (John Lewis) Burckhardt, 1784-1817, studied Arabic at Cambridge, spent three years in Aleppo to perfect it, and travelled extensively throughout Syria and the Holy Land, becoming the first European to visit Petra in 1812. His journals, edited by William Leake, were published after his death. Four of the maps are after Burckhardt's sketches. Burckhardt 'acquired the language and manners of an Arabian Musulman in such a degree of perfection, as should render the detection of his real character extremely difficult'. In his three years in Syria he directed his journeys to the areas least frequented by European travellers. His principal geographical discoveries include the nature of the country between the Dead Sea and the gulf of Akaba, the sites of Apameia and Petra, and the general structure of the Sinai peninsula.